What Is An Alpha Test? Definition, Advantages and Disadvantages

Black-box testing, on the other hand, only considers the external behavior of the system. The critical issues detected during alpha testing are evaluated, prioritized, and resolved as quickly as possible and retested in a refreshed test environment. Alpha testing is a step in the software release lifecycle designed to validate initial end-to-end user acceptance, adherence to product requirements, and that the product generally functions as intended. Usually, an alpha testing takes place in the test lab environment on a separate system.

Monitor the full customer experience − A product may “function,” although it may not be useable as part of a bigger process, therefore test cases must cover an actual user’s end-to-end experiences. Examine the specifications before beginning testing − Anyone doing alpha testing must go over the operational requirements and testing requirements before beginning. This provides meaning and purpose for their effort while also providing a general common knowledge. That’s all I have in this tutorial, Please share it with your friends. This test will only cover the business requirements mentioned by the client.

What Is Alpha Testing?

Alpha testing, a part of the user acceptance testing, is the firms’ preliminary internal testing before offering the product to the external testers or early users. It ensures that the product fulfills all the requirements and attains a minimum level of quality before offered to the target audience to try. Alpha testing is the initial https://globalcloudteam.com/ end-to-end testing of a product to confirm that it fulfils company requirements and performs properly. It is often carried out by staff members in a lab/stage setting. An alpha test confirms that the product actually functions and performs what it is designed to do. It involves both black boxes as well as white box testing techniques.

definition of alpha testing

Alpha Testing involves both Whitebox and Blackbox testing whereas Beta Testing mainly involves Blackbox testing. Issues and flaws found out during alpha testing are addressed immediately by the developers. Alpha testing gives the testing team a chance to gather all the software’s usability and reliability insights. When the team encounters a bug or a defect, the problem is recorded in a separate system. Keeping track of all the faults is crucial and helps team members save time. Translucent objects that are modelled using alpha-test textures will also be aliased due to alpha testing.

Difference between Alpha and Beta Testing

It is the first test that involves a limited group of real customers. In this guide, we’ll define alpha testing, including the difference between alpha testing vs. beta testing. Although Alpha testing is not completely functional, QA team must ensure that whatever is on hand should be thoroughly tested, especially those which has to be sent to the customer. As compared to other testing types which are usually executed inside a company in a controlled environment, beta testing is executed out in the real world where you seldom have control. Make the environment ready for the beta version to be released to the public.

definition of alpha testing

They either use hardware-assisted debuggers or debugger software. Usually while alpha testing, a tester will come across to plenty of bugs, crashes, missing features, and docs. Alpha testing is typically performed by in-house software engineers or QA staff. It is the final testing stage before the software is released into the real world. In Software Engineering, no matter how many tests you perform, how many bugs you kill, your software is useless if your end-users do not like it. Beta testing helps provide authentic feedback of your software from real users.

Advantages of Beta Testing:

Adopting DevOps can be challenging, especially when communicating across IT and business teams. Maps are a popular data structure in many programming contexts thanks to their efficiency and speed. It is difficult to test the entire product since it is still under development. Also, e-mail to the customer citing all the details about the test is recommended to make the customer aware of the current condition of the software. Alpha Testing requires long execution cycle whereas Beta Testing requires only few weeks of execution.

A good alpha test must have a well-defined Test Plan with comprehensive test cases. Various activities involved in alpha testing are logging defects, fixing defects, retesting, several iterations, etc. So, alpha testing can be envisioned as an online application that is not completely ready for the usage but has been opened up to get some initial feedback. The main objective of beta testing is to develop an issue-free product and also to make it more user friendly according to the feedback of the end-users. Beta testing is the second level of testing of the product to find bugs and issues that are not addressed or missed during alpha testing. These bugs are then allocated to development team members to work on and fix.

  • LogRocket simplifies workflows by allowing Engineering and Design teams to work from the same data as you, eliminating any confusion about what needs to be done.
  • Including them in the testing is good preparation for them and provides an additional customer-focused lens on the product pre-release.
  • In general, this environment is only accessible to internal resources.
  • We recommend that you use your own judgement and consult with your own consultant, lawyer, accountant, or other licensed professional for relevant business decisions.
  • For example, aspects like maintainability, in-depth security and reliability are tricky to test, simply because the alpha test takes place in a virtual environment.

Alpha testing is a type ofUser Acceptance Testingor internal acceptance testing conducted by the testing team at thedeveloper’s site. This is done to ensure that the application’s business requirements are met before releasing it to the client or the end-user. It is carried out in the later phase of software development definition of alpha testing using both black box and white box testing techniques. In simple words, it is called alpha testing because it is performed near the end of the development of the software, and before beta testing. The major focus of this testing is to mimic real-time users using black box and white box testing techniques.


Sometimes, the defects in the products can be unknown during this alpha testing. Review the specs before testing—Anyone conducting alpha testing should review the functional specs and test cases before they get started. This provides context and a focus area for their work as well as establishing a baseline common understanding.

While an exhaustive and comprehensive review by employees may seem resource-intensive, nothing can replace the experience of a few extra sets of eyeballs reviewing a product’s functionality and ensuring things work smoothly. Alpha testing is a worthwhile investment of company resources and should be routine for any major release. Don’t leave things until beta testing—Although beta testers might catch the same issue uncovered during alpha testing, there’s no guarantee that will happen. Plus the more items addressed during alpha testing means the product will look that much better to public beta testers and they won’t be distracted by known issues. Alpha testing may require a longer execution cycle involving multiple test cycles, during which the development team identifies and resolves critical bugs and defects and testers retest the fixes. Naturally, Lyra wants to improve her online store’s user experience and usability and, in doing so, increase revenue.

Alpha Testing also helps the testing team to make sure that the product is functioning in the same manner in which it is intended. Thus, the company appoints experts, who understand the industry and the offering, to test its design, working, and behaviour. The company performs some of these tests internally, while some are performed by releasing the product to the actual audience. Closed alpha testing was held on a small cluster for some time, with about 3,000 players chosen from an initial pool of 50,000. Add alpha testing to one of your lists below, or create a new one.

The product manager wants to make sure features are shipped with minimal bugs and defects. The Agile Manifesto espouses speedy delivery over perfection, so the product manager must ensure that alpha testing doesn’t become an endless cycle. When push comes to shove, the product manager has a critical role in moving the feature forward to beta testing. Alpha Testing is a type of acceptance testing; performed to identify all possible issues and bugs before releasing the final product to the end users. Alpha testing is carried out by the testers who are internal employees of the organization. The main goal is to identify the tasks that a typical user might perform and test them.

While performing alpha testing, a simulated environment is created to test the software in an environment similar to the external environment. Testing in simulated conditions helps the testing team to improve the software quality. Before performing alpha testing, it is essential to form a list of all the design specifications and functional requirements needed to be tested. According to this list, the testing team can develop a plan to test each specification and requirement included in the list. Alpha testing allows the testing team to identify possible production issues in advance. This helps the development team to address the possible production issues and fix them before the system goes to launch.

The launch will not be able to leave alpha testing until all key bugs have indeed been fixed and the product has reached “feature lock,” at which point no more features may be incorporated. Since alpha testing takes place before the product is launched, the white box approach might give extra information to notice problems or eliminate errors discovered during testing. Developers would normally solve these issues detected during alpha testing as quickly as feasible and refresh the test environment with patches for extensive testing. Boot camp for sales and marketing—The alpha testing period is an excellent opportunity for the sales and marketing organizations to become more familiar with the latest iteration of the product. By actually using it to execute test scenarios, they will increase their understanding of the user experience and be able to communicate with much more authority when they’re presenting the product to the market. Ensure there’s consensus before exiting alpha testing—Everyone involved in alpha testing should agree the product is ready for beta, providing a forum for anyone to raise concerns before the decision is finalized.

definition of alpha testing

Alpha testing doesn’t include extensive reliability and security testing, but beta testing includes extensive reliability, security, and robustness testing. An alpha test is conducted before a beta test, towards the end of the software development process. The team begins alpha testing after the test strategy and test cases are complete. The major aim here is to look for any faults or problems in the system.

What is the Purpose of an Alpha Test?

Direct feedback in this scenario from the users can be a gold mine for the developers. Because beta testing helps the team to test the product in the customer’s environment. In-depth, using the different black box and white box techniques. This means the test execution cycle takes a longer time to complete.

Entry Criteria for Alpha Testing:

Testing means that element of inspection that determines the properties or elements, including functional operation of materials, equipment, or their components, by the application of established scientific principles and procedures. All WORLDTRAVEL Alpha Testing will be conducted in accordance with the Implementation Schedule of any relevant Delivery Order. Improve your vocabulary with English Vocabulary in Use from Cambridge. While Alpha testing is not fully functioning, the QA team must verify that everything on board is well verified, particularly anything that will be provided to the client. There are obviously specific signs for many words available in sign language that are more appropriate for daily usage.

During the first phase, testing is typically done by developers and involves mainly white-box testing techniques. The product managerevaluates the observations made during beta testing for future releases and decides whether the product is ready for a wider release. It follows a simplified structure and process, focusing more on the usability of the product and acquiring feedback. Alpha testing requires a lab, testing, or staging environment and involves both white- and black-box testing techniques.

Alpha testing is a type of acceptance testing where in-house team of developers, designers, and quality assurance staff test a product for all possible bugs, flaws, and issues in a controlled lab environment. Alpha Testing is one type of acceptance testing that is performed to find out all the potential issues and bugs before releasing the final output to the clients. This test is executed by the testers who are internal employees of the company.

Have the person who logged an issue do the retesting—The same person who found the bug should confirm that the issue is now resolved; don’t just take the developer’s word that it’s now fixed. Alpha Testing requires testing environment while Beta Testing doesn’t require testing environment. Reliability and Security testing are not performed in-depth in Alpha Testing while Reliability, Security and Robustness are checked during Beta Testing. Finding out the best beta users and managing their participation can be quite a challenge. We spend a lot of time researching and writing our articles and strive to provide accurate, up-to-date content. However, our research is meant to aid your own, and we are not acting as licensed professionals.

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